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Top 50 Amazing Sahara Desert Animals

Introduction

Occupying almost all of North Africa, the Sahara is the world's largest desert. The desert is full of large oasis depressions; shallow inundated basins; sand seas, dunes, and sheets; abrupt mountains; rocky plateaus; and gravel plains. Its temperature is extremely hot during the days and extremely cold during the night.

Despite the extreme conditions in the region, however, there are still hundreds of animal species thriving there. These Sahara Desert animals have adapted well to their environment and their bodies are well-equipped to survive in the cruelty of nature.

Listed below are 50 of these animals that continuously survive living in the Sahara Desert.

  1. Addax Antelopes
  2. Dromedary Camels
  3. Saharan Cheetahs
  4. Dorcas Gazelles
  5. Deathstalker Scorpions
  6. Fennec Foxes
  7. Dung Beetles
  8. North African Ostriches
  9. African Wild Dogs
  10. Horned Vipers
  11. Hyraxes
  12. African Silverbills
  13. Desert Monitor Lizards
  14. Desert Crocodiles
  15. Saharan Silver Ants
  16. Golden Jackals
  17. Jerboas
  18. Olive Baboons
  19. Nubian Bustards
  20. Desert Hedgehogs
  21. Slender Mongoose
  22. Spotted Hyenas
  23. Barbary Sheep
  24. Oryx
  25. Secretary Birds
  26. Cobras
  27. Chameleons
  28. Skinks
  29. Dwarf Crocodiles
  30. Lions
  31. Gerbils
  32. Cape Hares
  33. Fallow Deer
  34. African Wild Asses
  35. Striped Polecats
  36. Bateleur Eagles
  37. Guinea Fowls
  38. African Spotted Eagle Owls
  39. Sand Cats
  40. Pale Crag Martins
  41. Fan-Tailed Ravens
  42. African Clawed Frogs
  43. Caracals
  44. Denham’s Bustards
  45. Lappet-Faced Vultures
  46. Mouse-Tailed Bats
  47. Cairo Spiny Mouse
  48. Desert Long-Eared Bats
  49. Kobs
  50. African Mantis

Addax Antelopes

These Saharan animals have ringed twisted long horns. They have the capability to change their coat colors. During winter, they have grayish brown coats. During summer, they have sandy-beige to white coats.

These antelopes live in the stony, sandy, and dry steppe areas of the Sahara Desert. They are herbivores. They prefer to eat the Panicum grass, especially the shoots and seeds. However, they will also eat other kinds of grasses, herbs, and shrubs.

The male Addax Antelope is bigger than the female. The average body length is between 150 centimeters and 170 centimeters. The average body weight is between 60 kilograms and 125 kilograms for females and between 99 kilograms and 124 kilograms for males.

The average life span of Addax Antelopes in the wild is 19 years. They start to become sexually mature when 2 years old. Their mating season is at its peak during the start of spring. The gestation period is about 9 months. Females give birth to only one baby with each pregnancy. The babies are dependent on their mother's milk from birth up to 29 weeks.

The species of Addax Antelope is now critically endangered. Their population in the wild is only a handful. In Niger, there are less than 10 of them found in the Termit Massif Reserve. There are also a number of sightings of Addax Antelope in other parts of Africa.

Some organizations in the United States and some Middle East countries have captive-bred these animals to help preserve their kind. A number of them have been reintroduced into the wild in the countries of Morocco and Tunisia.

Addax Antelopes

Addax Antelopes

Dromedary Camels

The arid climate in the Sahara Desert is the perfect habitat for Dromedary Camels. This is the reason why most of these camels are domesticated by the people living in or near the Sahara Desert. These people use camels for the transport of people and cargo in the area.

Dromedary Camels are herbivores. They eat all kinds of plants that are thriving in the Sahara. This is their advantage against other herbivores in the desert. These camels will eat even those thorny plants that other animals don't like to eat. Their thick lips help them to eat any thorny plant without getting hurt.

Dromedary Camels are tall animals. They are about 6.5 feet tall up to their shoulders. When the height of their hump is added, their height will reach up to about 10 feet in total. They are also heavy. Their average weight is between 1000 pounds and 1500 pounds.

One thing to remember about Dromedary Camels is that they only have one hump. If you see a camel with two humps, then it is the other breed of camel called the Bactrian Camel. The number of humps is the distinguishing factor between these two camel breeds.

The hump of the camel is an important body part. This is where camels store their fatty tissue. On days when there is no food or water available, the camels' bodies will use the stored fatty tissue to survive. They can last for many days without food and water in the Sahara Desert because of their humps.

The length of gestation of female Dromedary Camels is about 13 months. Most of the time, they will give birth to only one baby. However, there are also instances wherein two or more baby camels are born from a single pregnancy.

Dromedary Camels

Dromedary Camels

Saharan Cheetahs

Northwest African Cheetahs is the other name for Saharan Cheetahs. Their bodies and behavior have adapted to the cruel physical conditions of the Sahara Desert. These cheetahs are more active during the night compared to the rest of their kind. This behavior helps them to avoid the extreme heat of the desert sun and to conserve water.

Saharan Cheetahs differ in their appearance from other kinds of cheetahs. They have shorter coats and the color is almost white. The color of their spots ranges from black to light brown. There are instances when they have no spots on their faces and their tear stripes are missing. Their body size is a little bit smaller compared to other kinds of cheetahs.

Their favorite food is the antelopes. If there are no antelopes around, their next option is the hares and other small mammals. They can survive without drinking water for a number of days. The blood of their hunted animals is their alternative source of water.

Cheetahs are solitary animals. They also seldom move from one place to another. There are small groups of cheetahs and these groups are mostly composed of a mother and her growing cubs.

Saharan Cheetahs are now one of the Critically Endangered species in the world. Their population in the wild is around 250 individuals. This specific breed of cheetah is a Sahara Desert native. These cats range in the central and western regions of the Sahara Desert and also in the Sahel. However, there are specific regions in the Sahara wherein they are considered extinct like Ghana, Sierra Leone, Senegal, and Morocco.

Saharan Cheetahs

Saharan Cheetahs

Dorcas Gazelles

Dorcas Gazelles are mostly found in the Sahara Desert and some regions in North Africa. They are adapted to live in dry areas like sand dune fields, wadis, semi-deserts, and savannahs. They are herbivores but they prefer to eat the Pancratium plants.

The Dorcas Gazelle is one of the smallest in the world. The average weight of a female is 12 kilograms and the average weight of a male is 16 kilograms. Their coloring varies depending on their location in the Sahara Desert. It can be ocher, reddish-brown or pale, but all of them have a white underbelly.

Males will use their droppings to guard their territories. A group of gazelles is led by one to two males and a number of females with their young. There are also male-female pairs when food is scarce.

The mating season of Dorcas Gazelles is between September and November. A female gazelle is ready to mate at the age of 2. The gestation period is about 6 months. The baby gazelle is called a fawn. The fawn will stay in the shade most of the time for safety during the first two weeks after birth. Their life span is about 15 years in the wild.

Gazelles are very active only during sunrises and sunsets when summer days are hot. They can be active the whole day when the temperature becomes mild. They can also adapt to being nocturnal if there are predators around their territories.

Dorcas Gazelles are herbivores. They will eat the pods, leaves, flowers, fruits, and bulbs of trees, shrubs, and bushes. These animals can survive without water to drink. The plants are their alternative water source.

Dorcas Gazelles

Dorcas Gazelles

Deathstalker Scorpions

They are small-sized animals but are greatly feared by humans. They are poisonous. One sting from them will inject their poison into the bloodstream of humans. The result will be dysfunctions of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems which are fatal when left untreated.

Deathstalker Scorpions are yellow to orange in color with some gray in the abdomen area. The average size of an adult scorpion is about 2.2 inches but there are some that can grow up to 3 inches in length. The weight is about 2.5 grams or less.

Scorpions have several eyes. One pair of eyes is on the head at the top and the rest of the pairs of eyes are located along the sides of the head.

Their population is mostly concentrated in the Middle East and North African side of the Sahara Desert. They prefer to live in dry areas with very hot climates. They usually inhabit those underground holes that other animals left behind. They can also be found in spaces beneath any debris as long as the areas are dry. Sometimes, they are brave enough to enter the homes of humans.

Deathstalker Scorpions are active at night. They hunt their food in the dark. They will eat insects, centipedes, earthworms, spiders, and even scorpions. They will even eat their own kind if there is no other food option.

Deathstalker Scorpions

Deathstalker Scorpions

Fennec Foxes

Fennec Foxes are considered the smallest foxes in the world. Their size is 9.5 inches to 16 inches from the head down to the body. The tail length is 7 inches to 12.2 inches. The length of the ears is about 6 inches. Their ears are not just used for hearing. These are also used to release heat and keep their body temperature cool.

They are a common sight in North Africa and in the sandy areas of the Sahara Desert. These foxes are active during the night so they won't have to deal with the burning heat of the sun during the day to hunt for food. They have long thick fur to protect their bodies from cold nights and hot days.

Fennec Foxes live in underground holes. Their feet are very efficient in digging holes. A community of foxes is usually composed of 10 individuals led by males.

These foxes are omnivores. They will eat both plants and other animals. Their favorite food choices are insects, eggs, reptiles, rodents, and some plants. Their bodies are adapted to survive for many days without drinking water.

It is a fact that Fennec Foxes are beautiful animals. Because of their appearance, many people hunt them down for their fur and sometimes to be sold as pets. These conditions are threatening the total wild population of these Sahara Desert animals. As of this writing, they are not yet considered an endangered species. However, if people won't stop hunting them, then it won't be far down the road that they will become extinct too.

Fennec Foxes

Fennec Foxes

Dung Beetles

Dung Beetles are the kind of beetles that love to do the work that even humans hate. They may be small and doing the dirty work but their role to keep the ecosystem healthy is very important. They love animal dung because that is where they get their food. Their mouths have special parts that they will use to get nutrients and moisture from the poops of other animals.

They are classified into four distinct groups – dwellers, tunnellers, rollers, and stealers. The dwellers love to live in the manure. The tunnellers will make holes in the ground and bury the dungs that they found. The rollers roll the dungs into balls. They will use these dung balls as food and the nesting place of their females. The stealers are considered the lazy ones because they will just steal dung balls instead of making one on their own.

Dung Beetles are very strong creatures. They can roll a dung ball that is about 50 times heavier that their body weight.

These beetles will not eat whatever animal waste there is. They choose only those dungs from plant-eating animals like elephants, sheep, horses, and others. They mostly love the fresh dung from these animals. Their sense of smell is very sensitive. They use the wind to know where an herbivore just drops its dung. Within minutes, hundreds if not thousands of Dung Beetles will flock and feast in the dung.

Dung Beetles

Dung Beetles

North African Ostriches

North African Ostriches are birds that inhabit the Sahara Desert. They are often found in grasslands, dry savannas, and large sandy wadis. These birds don't fly but they are fast runners. They are also the only kind of birds that have two toes. Their small wings are used to communicate with each other. They also use their wings to steer in the right direction when they are running very fast.

The average running speed of an ostrich is 43 miles per hour. An average ostrich can reach a height of 9 feet or more. They are also heavy creatures. They can weigh as much as 300 pounds or more.

North African Ostriches are both plant and animal eaters. Their diet consists mainly of the leaves of plants and smaller animals like insects, lizards, and small-sized tortoises. They don't drink water regularly. They just satisfy their thirst by consuming the leaves of plants.

The mating season of ostriches is between August and September. Mating dances of ostriches is among the most beautiful courtship dances of animals. The female ostrich lays not less than 8 eggs. The male and female ostriches take turns in incubating the eggs.

An ostrich egg weighs about 1400 grams to 1600 grams. It takes 42 days for the eggs to hatch. Wild ostriches can live up to 40 years.

There are only a few numbers of North African Ostriches in the wild. Their population is greatly decreased due to human presence in their natural habitat. They are being hunted for traditional medicine purposes. Global organizations are doing their best to preserve this bird species. Some captive-bred ostriches have been reintroduced back into the wild in secure protected areas.

North African Ostriches

North African Ostriches

African Wild Dogs

African Wild Dogs are also known as African Hunting Dogs, Painted Hunting Dogs, Painted Wolves, and Cape Hunting Dogs. They have unique patterns on their coat composed of black, brown, yellow, and white colors. They have slim bodies and slender legs. Their ears are round and their tails are long with white plumes.

Their body length is about 5 feet and their tail length is about 40 centimeters. Their body weight is about 80 pounds. One distinctive physical feature of African Wild Dogs is that each paw has only four toes compared to other dogs that have five.

These dogs inhabit woodlands, savannas, and grasslands in the Sahara Desert. They are meat eater animals. Their favorite animals to eat are gazelles, impalas, antelopes, and zebras.

African Wild Dogs live in a pack of about 20 individuals. There are more males in a pack than females. Each pack has an alpha male and an alpha female. They are the breeding pair for the pack to survive.

These animals may be wild but they are very sociable. They prefer to beg for food than be in conflict with each other. They are very good hunters. They are good at making hunting strategies to ensure that the pack has food to eat.

The intense mating season of African Wild Dogs is between March and June. The female will get pregnant for 70 days. One birth will yield about 10 puppies however only a few of these puppies will get to adulthood because of their predators.

The male wild dogs are loyal to their birth pack. It is different with female wild dogs. They will leave their birth pack and transfer to another pack if there is a lack of mature females who are sexually capable.

African Wild Dogs

African Wild Dogs

Horned Vipers

Horned Vipers are among the most poisonous snakes in the world. They inhabit the Sahara Desert where the climate is semi-arid. The horns present over the eyes of these snakes give it its name. These horns are used to protect their eyes from the sands. They also use these horns to blend into their environment for protection.

The body length of Horned Vipers can range from 12 inches to 33 inches. They have a strong body. Their neck is narrow and their middle part is thick. Their tail is tapered with a black tip. The females are usually bigger in size than the males. Their body color ranges from gray to red, to yellow, and to brown depending on the color of the soil where they live.

These are nocturnal animals. They hunt for food at night. They love to bury themselves in the sand to hide from their enemies or wait for their prey. They usually ambush their prey for a sure kill. They usually eat lizards. However, scarcity of food adapts them to feed on some birds and mammals in the desert.

The venom of Horned Vipers may not be very toxic but still fatal when left untreated. It can cause hemorrhage, heart irregularities, and kidney failure.

A female viper will lay about 24 eggs or less and will nest in empty underground holes or under the rocks. The eggs will hatch around 80 days of incubation. The baby vipers are usually 6 inches in length. Their average life span in the wild is about 15 years.

Horned Vipers

Horned Vipers

Hyraxes

Hyraxes have a wide range of habitat from the rainforest to the savanna to the moorland in the African continent. They are small-sized mammals that are furry. They almost look like a rabbit with no tail and their ears are round in shape.

There are different kinds of hyraxes. The most common are the rock hyrax and the tree hyrax. You can easily distinguish the tree hyraxes because they spend most of their time in the trees.

These animals are nervous eaters. It means that they fast and in a cautious way. They are always on the lookout for their predators to survive. Most of their predators are lions, leopards, pythons, hyenas, servals, big birds, parasites, and jackals.

They are herbivores. Their usual diet is composed of leaves, herbs, grasses, and fruits. However, there are instances that rock hyraxes will feed on bird eggs, small lizards and insects. They can live for days without water. Their food source is also their water source.

An adult hyrax weighs about 5 kilograms. They live in colonies. A colony is usually composed of 50 individuals. A female hyrax has a gestation period of about 7 to 8 months which is unusual for a mammal of their size. One to three babies will be born in one pregnancy. These babies are already fully developed before birth. They are able to jump and run within an hour after they are born.

The life span of a hyrax in the wild is 8.5 years in average. When there is some danger threatening the colony, the male leader will shrill shriek as an alarm. The rest of the colony will instantly jump and scuttle away to find cover and shelter. They will remain in their hiding place without moving at all until they are certain that there is no more danger.

Hyraxes

Hyraxes

African Silverbills

African Silverbills are native birds in the south portion of the Sahara in Africa. However, there are sightings of these small birds in the island of Hawaii. Experts believed that these birds were made pets and escaped from or abandoned by their owners. They continued on with their lives in the Hawaiin islands.

The upper parts of these birds are brown. They have white under parts. Their tail is long and pointed and the color is black. They have a chunky bill and the color is a combination of silver and blue. Male and female African Silverbills are hard to distinguish from each other.

An adult African Silverbill has a body length of 4 inches. Its body weight is between 10 grams and 14 grams. This bird makes a tseep call and a beautiful trilling song.

Their diet is composed mostly of grass seeds. They either pick the seeds straight from the plants or from the ground. They also love to eat those aphids that are pests to plants.

It is fascinating to watch the mating ritual of these little birds. The male will usually start the mating ritual by plucking a stem of grass and positions himself near the female. Then, he starts to show-off to the female of how handsome he is. He will then drop the stem of grass and do his beautiful song and dance performance. If the female is attracted to the performance of the male, there will be a successful mating in the end.

The nest of an African Silverbill is made from grasses. Some feathers and soft fibers are also used to soften the bedding of the nest. You can usually find their nests in hedges and bushes and even in creepers of houses. The female will usually lay 3 to 6 eggs in one season.

African Silverbills

African Silverbills

Desert Monitor Lizards

The Desert Monitor lizard is also known as the Grey Monitor lizard. Its mouth is long and full of strong, sharp teeth. Its bite is life-threatening to humans and other animals. One bite can cause the victim to feel dizzy, muscle pains, fast heart rate, and breathing difficulty.

The length of its snout is between 560 mm and 579 mm. Its tail has a length of 865 mm to 870 mm. The upper part of its body has a varied color from yellowish brown to grey. There are brownish crossbars across its body. This pattern loses its vivacity when the lizard gets old.

Desert Monitor lizards are secretive animals. They are only active and hunt for food in the early morning hours. The rest of the day is spent resting and hiding in their burrow. They love warm places and hibernation is not for them.

Their diet is made of toads, frogs, eggs, birds, snakes, other lizards, and rodents. They are carnivorous animals.

When they feel threatened, they stiffen their legs and raise their bodies in an arched position. They hiss and snarls and their necks are puff. They extend their long tongues and their tails are swish from side to side.

The female Desert Monitor lays eggs during the months of March to May every year. The eggs are nested in burrows and covered with debris and vegetation for protection. There are about 10 to 25 eggs laid by one female.

Desert Monitor lizards are the most widely distributed of all the monitor lizards in the Sahara. They are found in the dry places of the Middle East, Pakistan, and India. The population of these monitor lizards in Pakistan are divided into two kinds. They are the Caspian Monitor and the Indo-Pak Monitors.

Desert Monitor Lizards

Desert Monitor Lizards

Desert Crocodiles

These crocodiles are also known as the West African crocodile. They are commonly found the wetlands and lagoons of the forests in West and Central Africa.

An average Desert Crocodile has a length of 5 to 8 feet long from the tip of its nose to the tip of its tail. The adult female can grow to a body length of 10 to 13 feet. The adult male can grow up to 20 feet in body length. Its weight is about 2,000 pounds or 900 kilograms.

These crocodiles are caring and protective parents. They are always guarding their nests against all enemies. When it is time for their babies to come out, both parents will help their babies to hatch. They will put the eggs inside their mouths and crack each egg gently using their tongues.

Compared to the famous Nile Crocodiles, Desert Crocodiles are smaller in size and less aggressive. However, there are a number of reported attacks on humans that leads to death to some.

It is interesting to note that the native people of Mauritius who live near the habitats of these crocodiles are revering and protecting these animals up to this day. It is their belief that if these crocodiles will leave their waters, then their waters will dry up soon. It is happy to know that the humans and the Desert Crocodiles in this region are at peace with each other and there are no reported attacks on humans up to the present.

There has been confusion between the Nile Crocodiles and the West African Crocodiles for many years. The West African Crocodiles were believed to be Nile Crocodiles. However, starting in 2011, the confusion had been cleared out through DNA testing. The West African Crocodiles are different from the Nile Crocodiles. Most of the captive crocodiles Lyon Zoo, Copenhagen Zoo, and six zoos in the United States are actually West African Crocodiles and not Nile Crocodiles.

Desert Crocodiles

Desert Crocodiles

Saharan Silver Ants

This ant may be small in size but it has a very amazing and special adaptive capability. Its body has a silvery appearance due to its silver-colored hair. These hairs serve as the ant's protective coating from the extreme heat of the sun.

This coating is also their best survivable trait. It dictates their diet, their daily activities, and how to stay safe from their predators.

These ants stay at home all throughout the night and into the morning. They only come out of their homes in the middle of the day when the heat of the sun is at its peak. They go out in groups with one goal in mind. It is to find food as fast as they can.

They only have a 10-minute window to gather their food so they have to move fast. After 10 minutes of being out in the extreme heat of the sun, their chance to survive decreases.

Their defense mechanism only allows them to be protected from the heat of the sun for 10 minutes and not longer. They have three different defense mechanisms.

One, these ants have longer legs compared to other ant species. Their legs allow them to stand higher from the ground thus preventing their body from touching the hot ground that they walk on.

Two, their bodies are capable of releasing heat shock proteins. These proteins allow their bodies to lower their temperature so they will not experience heat stroke.

And three, they have their silvery coating all over their bodies. These silver hairs have the ability to reflect away the sunlight from the body of the ants. These hairs also have the ability to release body heat to keep them cool under extreme temperatures.

Scientists have been studying these defense mechanisms of these ants for some time. When they have discovered these mechanisms, scientists were inspired to use their discovery to build better technology that could withstand the extreme heat of the sun.

Saharan Silver Ants

Saharan Silver Ants

Golden Jackals

Golden Jackals are more related to the grey wolves and coyotes than the jackal species. They are also known as the gold-wolf, common jackal, and Asiatic jackal. These Sahara Desert animals inhabit Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Central Europe.

The adult female weighs 7 to 11 kilograms and the adult male weighs 6 to 13 kilograms. The body length of an adult jackal is about 85 centimeters and the shoulder height is about 50 centimeters.

Their fur color changes from one season to another. However, their prominent fur color is yellowish or golden with brownish shades. They have long legs and short bushy tails. Their black-tipped tails distinguished them from the other jackal species.

Golden Jackals make dens as their homes. These dens are usually made in leveled grounds or dense shrubs. The dens are about 1 meter in depth and 2 meters in length.

A pack of jackals is usually composed of 10 individuals. They always hunt together during the summer months. When they have an excessive amount of food after hunting, these animals practice food hoarding for later consumption.

These animals have the ability to form commensal relation with other animals like a tiger. It means that when a tiger makes a kill, the jackals will benefit from that kill as well.

One of their advantages from other animals is that they are great trackers of prey. They are also expert attackers to catch their prey. Some spotted hyenas will sometimes follow their tracks to make a catch, too.

Golden Jackals shed their fur twice each year. This happens during the seasons of spring and autumn.

Their diet is very varied depending on the availability of food and the place that they are in. Meat is their prime food option. However, they also eat different fruits, bulbs, and roots of plants if needed.

Golden Jackals

Golden Jackals

Jerboas

Jerboas are adapted to live in the hot desert of the Sahara. There are also other species of Jerboa that can live in cold deserts. They are from the family of jumping rodents. They are small mammals that have a highly developed sense of hearing and smelling.

These animals are nocturnal. They are most active during the night when the temperature of their environment is not hot. During the day, they are hiding in their burrows to protect themselves from the heat of the sun.

Most Jerboas are herbivores. They eat the leaves and other parts of plants. However, there are some species of Jerboa that are adapted to eat small insects. Their food is also their source of water. They never drink water throughout their life.

A healthy adult Jerboa can live up to 3 years in the average. Their body length excluding the tail is just about 6 inches. Their body weight ranges from 1 ounce to a few more ounces. Their tails can grow longer than the length of their body. Their long tails are used for balance when they stand on their two feet.

Jerboas can be described as an animal that is composed of the different parts of other animals. They have a body like that of a mouse. Their whiskers are long like that of cats. Their eyes are big and round like that of owls. Their ears can grow as long as that of a Jack Rabbit.

Their hind legs are longer than their front legs like that of the kangaroos. They are really good jumpers. They can jump up to 3 meters when running away from their predators. The color of their fur coat usually matches to the color of their environment for camouflage purposes.

Jerboas

Jerboas

Olive Baboons

Olive Baboons are native to the forest steppes and savannahs of Africa. They have thick fur coating that reflects a shade of olive green when seen from the distance. This is where their name came from. They are also called as the Anubis Baboons after the Egyptian god, Anubis.

These monkeys have long tails but their tails are not used for grabbing and holding on to things. Their tails are padded and they used them as their cushion when sitting.

The adult females can reach to the height of 60 centimeters up to their shoulders and the males can grow up to 70 centimeters. The females can weigh up to 20 kilograms and the males can weigh up to 25 kilograms. There are instances that the males can weigh as much as 50 kilograms when in suitable environment. They can live from 25 to 30 years in the wild.

Unlike other monkey species, Olive Baboons prefer to spend most of their on the ground hunting for food and water. They have hands like that of humans and they use these hands to look for food. They are omnivores but they mostly like to eat plants rather than meat. They are organized hunters. They work together when they needed to hunt other animals for food.

The female becomes sexually active when 8 years old and the male becomes sexually active when 10 years old. Six months after the mating season, baby baboons are born. Each female only gives birth to one baby. The babies are continuously protected by their moms up to 8 weeks after birth. However, there are baboon moms that choose to keep their babies close to them as long as they want for them to survive in the wild.

The female Olive Baboons have a complex ranking system. High-ranked females are those that are more fertile. They also have better sleeping places and good feeding. They are also well-groomed. The males and the low-ranked females are the ones that are grooming them.

Olive Baboons

Olive Baboons

Nubian Bustards

Nubian Bustards are from the Otididae family. This specific species of bustards (Neotis nuba) is medium to large in size compared to other bustards. They are usually found in the northern region of Sahel and the southern region of Sahara Desert. There are sightings in the countries of Sudan, Nigeria, Niger, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Cameroon, and Burkina Faso. They are adapted to live in dry shrublands and savannahs.

The adult male will usually weigh from 5 to 7 kilograms. Its body length is about 31 inches and the width including the wingspan is about 71 inches. The adult female is a little bit smaller in size than the male. It weighs about 3 kilograms. Its body length is about 24 inches and the width including the wingspan is about 59 inches.

Their bodies are more rounded. Their necks are long and thin. Their heads are rounded in proportion to their bodies. The upper parts of the male including the crown and forehead are marked with black. The tail is more greyish than black. The female has a similar color to the male but the shade is less intense.

Females usually lay their eggs and hatch between the months of July and October. There are usually 2 to 3 eggs in a nest. Eggs and hatchlings are put in danger all the time because of their predators like reptiles, carnivore mammals, and eagles.

The main food of Nubian Bustards is different kinds of insects. However, they also eat different fruits, seeds, and the gum of the Acacia tree as supplements to their diet.

The population of these birds is classified by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) as "Near-Threatened". It means that there is already a threat that these birds will lose their habitat in the years to come.

Nubian Bustards

Nubian Bustards

Desert Hedgehogs

Desert Hedgehogs are the smallest in size among the family of hedgehogs. Their body can grow from 140 mm to 280 mm in length. Their body can weigh from 280 grams to 510 grams.

They live in the desert regions of Africa and Middle East. Their favorable livable temperature range is between 104 degrees and 108 degrees Fahrenheit. It is quiet hot for a human to survive.

The spineless band on their face is their most distinctive feature. These animals can easily adapt to the environment that they are in that is why some of them are made into pets. The wild ones can live up to 4 years. The captive ones can live longer of up to 10 years.

They are nocturnal animals. They sleep during the day up to 18 hours. They make their homes near cliffs and rocks. These places are good hiding spots for them from their predators. They are also solitary animals. During winter season, they hibernate. This usually happens during the months of January and February when the temperature is the coldest.

Desert Hedgehogs also become less active during the hot summer months when there is a scarcity of food. They are mostly insect eaters. However, they will also eat other food options like scorpions, snakes, birds' eggs, and small invertebrates. When they eat scorpions, they have to bite off the stinger from the tail so they won't be poisoned.

The usual breeding month of hedgehogs is March of each year. The pregnancy will last for about 40 days. The female will give birth of up to 6 babies. The nest is hidden usually in the burrow for protection.

The babies are born deaf and blind. They are really helpless in this state. Their spines are situated under their skin and will start to show out a few hours after birth. Their eyes are only opened after 21 days. The young ones become independent when they are about 40 days old.