Why Time Only Goes Forward: A Theory I Call Time Gravity
What I discuss in this article is a theory of mine. I’m proposing that time moves from the past to the future due to some sort of “pulling force” that I call Time Gravity.
Everything we know about time and space-time are based on theory. Einstein described Gravitational Time Dilation in his general theory of relativity:
Clocks that are far from massive bodies run faster than clocks close to massive bodies.1
My concept is not the same as the gravity between masses. I am not talking about the effect of gravity on time. That's being studied by scientists such as Holger Müller of the University of California Berkeley and Steven Chu, former United States Secretary of Energy in office from 2009 thru 2013.
For that matter, the clocks on our GPS satellites tick faster than clocks on Earth since the satellites are about 12,550 miles above the Earth and the gravitational pull is weaker. A correction is put into the GPS programs to account for this difference.
Once again, my concept of Time Gravity is different—It’s a force that pulls time itself.
You may think of this article for entertainment purposes only. However, I wouldn’t hesitate to let it be considered an essay for further scientific study. After all, we really don’t understand time. Everything being examined today is all based on theory.
My Theory of Time Gravity
In our three-dimensional world, we are very aware of gravitational pull. All mass is attracted to one another. I have carried this concept to the next dimension, the fourth dimension—which is time.
Time can be described mathematically as being a 90-degree angle to our three-dimensional space. In this fourth dimension, a force exists that overcomes the inertia that would otherwise cause time to stand still. This force is similar to the gravity that we are aware of in our 3D space.
My proposal is that this gravity is what propels us forward in time. Without this Time Gravity, everything would remain in the present moment. Time wouldn’t march on. Clocks wouldn’t tick. The Universe wouldn’t materialize.
Can you imagine being stuck in a moment without time moving forward? You really wouldn’t exist to even have the ability to think about it. Something is making “time” happen. Could this be it—Time Gravity?
Now that I explained all that, you may have a better understanding of what I’m talking about. Time passes because of Time Gravity pulling everything in space forward—in time.
How Consistent is Time?
There is a good reason why time must only go forward.
If it were possible for time to go backwards, then there would be no past, present, or future. It would just be a mumble jumble field of chaos because events would happen repeatedly in different ways, causing an uncertain and inconsistent present and future. This is logically impossible because all events in time can only occur as long as there is a reliable means to an end.
Everything that happens in time leads to achieve another outcome later in time. If the outcome cannot be depended upon due to the past constantly being modified, then you can see how this would lead to utter chaos.
We know that the three dimensions of space are very reliably defined. Length, width, and height can be measured with complete accuracy. But what about the fourth dimension through which time is measured? Is that just as stable as three-dimensional space?
The fact of the matter is that space is not consistent. It can be warped. As I mentioned earlier, Einstein has proven that the force of gravity bends light traveling through space. This makes space appear to become warped. Therefore, time most likely can be warped too, just as light is warped by gravity.
This warping effect won’t bring back the past, but it will affect the passage of time. However, we will never know it because we are traveling along for the ride and as time slows and speeds up, we will just remain consistent relative to the movement of time.
Why Time Only Goes Forward
Now, if all this is true, why don’t we drift backward in time? What is stopping us from going backward?
Something must be causing this gravitational-pull to become weaker as we go forward in time, so that there is less force attracting time backward.
I gave a lot of thought to this and I found a mathematical formula to clearly show why time can only go forward. The momentum increases and the force required to go backward would be so extreme that it can’t be achieved.
The Force of Time Gravity
You may remember the equation taught in High School science class that is used to calculate the gravitational force on an object. It’s a function of the masses of both objects and the distance between them.
Force due to gravity
Gravitation constant (6.673 x 10^11 Nm^2/kg^2)
Mass of one object
Mass of other object
Distance between the objects (from the center of each)
As you can see, dividing by r2 (the square of the distance) the force of gravity is reduced by the square of the distance.
I propose the idea that this same formula would apply to Time Gravity. I call it the “Force of Time Gravity.” There must be a force on both ends, the past and the future.
Based on my proposal, as time moves forward, we are increasingly removed from the past. That is, we leave the past behind. The farther we move away from the past, the weaker the gravitational pull of Past Time Gravity becomes. It reduces in force by the square of the time that elapses, just as the force of gravity between two masses becomes less by the square of the distance.
This means that the pull of the past continues to become weaker and weaker, and the thrust into the future becomes stronger and stronger. Hence, we continue to move forward in time with a force F based on this same formula.
At the same time, the Future Time Gravity continues to have more of an effect on time, “pulling” time forward.
Since the Past Time Gravity becomes weaker and the Future Time Gravity becomes stronger, something must have started the process. Maybe it was the Big Bang, and this would indicate that time didn’t exist until the Big Bang.
Isn’t that a mind-blowing thought? I’m not done yet, one more thing.
My Misleading Judgment
The formula indicates that the force of gravity between two objects is a function of mass. The larger the mass of either object, the greater the gravity. This is somewhat different when this formula is applied to time, since there is no mass involved with time.
Therefore, I have made a misleading judgment in the development of this theory. I can overcome that, however, by applying the meaning of "mass" to something more appropriate when considering the concept of time. I need to apply mass to time. I need to find a way to prove that time functions similar as mass. Can I do that?
Fluid Dynamics and Flow Velocity of Time
The Navier–Stokes equations2, named after Claude-Louis Navier and George Gabriel Stokes, can be used to describe flow velocity of fluid. I take this a step further and apply it to time.
If you ever had a flood in your house, you may have heard how plumbers talk about water always seeking its lowest point. Well, time also seeks its lowest point, in my opinion.
Time has an inertial frame of reference3 and tends to find its lowest point—the future. This is similar to how water is attracted by gravity and will seek its lowest level.
The frame of reference is not linear. Time passes at different rates dependent on the speed of motion of the observer, as explained by Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. This fits perfectly with the way fluid dynamics has been described. I wonder what Einstein would say about that? I wish he were alive today so I could share this article with him. Just a thought.
I now return you to your normal state of mind. If you still have a few minutes, I think you’ll relate a lot of what I said to the concepts in this nine-minute video.
Gravity and Time
Questions & Answers
© 2017 Glenn Stok