Top 10 Science Experiments to Try at Home

Updated on February 7, 2019

Home Science

Science is all around us - it is not just confined to the classroom or laboratory. There are plenty of fun experiments that need very little equipment other than a few household items and some curiosity. Not only will this foster a culture of life-long learning, but it looks great on a college application! These experiments make great family projects to do together too - much better than vegetating in front of the tv!

Below you will find a selection of science experiments spanning across Biology, Chemistry, Physics and the Earth Sciences. Each section will list the equipment you need, some instructions, and an explanation of what happens.

1. Plastic Chemistry - Making Slime

Equipment:

  • 2 Plastic cups
  • 2 Plastic Spoons
  • Food colouring - pick your favourite colour
  • Borax Powder (usually found next to laundry detergent)
  • PVA Glue
  • Water

What to do:

  1. Mix a tablespoon of borax into around 75ml of water in the first cup. Stir until it dissolves (this may take a while)
  2. Mix a tablespoon of PVA glue with two tablespoons of water. Add some drops of food colouring. Stir well until well mixed.
  3. Add one tablespoon of the borax solution to the glue mixture. Stir well and see the mixture turn to slime.
  4. Leave the slime for 30seconds and then pick it up!

What's happening?

Borax causes cross-links between the long strands of the PVA. This prevents the strands from sliding over each other making this an example of a Non-Newtonian Fluid.

Next? Play about with the ratios of the ingredients to make different types of slime - stretchy, springy, bouncy and wet slimes can all be made by experimenting with how much borax you add.

2. Soda Volcano

The Quintessential DIY experiment. You will need:

  1. A large bottle of diet coke
  2. A pack of mentoes
  3. Fast hands
  4. An open space (Do not try indoors)

What to Do:

Everyone knows this one. Drop a couple of mentoes into a cola bottle and stand well back.

What's Happening? The surface of the candy may look smooth, but in physical terms, its actually quite rough. Fizzy drinks are fizzy because they undergo a steady chemical reaction that releases carbon dioxide. The rough surface of the candy provides extra sites for this reaction to take place over - they are known as nucleation sites

Next? Experiment with different flavours of mentoes, brands of cola, other sugar coated sweets. You could try a sports-drink cap on the cola to see if this makes a difference

3. The Science of Hypercooling

My personal favourite! This experiment is how I introduce the science of melting and freezing. You will need:

  1. A metal bucket
  2. 1kg of table salt
  3. 6x 500ml bottled water
  4. Two bags of crushed ice and Water
  5. Patience

What to Do: Check out this video for full details as this experiment, whilst straightforward, is delicate.

Next? Compete to see who can pour the tallest freezing tower

4. Rocket Science - Pocket Rockets

NASA aren't the only ones who can make rockets! You will need:

  1. A ye olde photo film cannister (most camera shops still have plenty to give away for free)
  2. Alka-seltzer tablet
  3. Small piece of blu-tak
  4. Water
  5. Water colouring or paint (optional)

What to do: Take the lid of the cannister and stick the blu-tak to the inside. Next, carefully but firmly stick your alka-seltzer tablet to the blu tack. Fill the cannister halfway with water. Firmly close the lid. You now have a fuelled pocket rocket. Simply turn upside down and step back.

What's Happening? This is simply an application of pressure. As the alka-seltzer dissolvers, it releases carbon dioxide. Because the cannister is airtight, it has nowhere to go! The pressure builds until it goes POP!

Next? Experiment with different amounts of water and brands of fizzing tablets. I play a trick where I count in my head whilst talking and snap my fingers just as each pocket rocket takes off :)

5. The Science of Double Glazing

Prove the effectiveness of your expensive double glazing with a simple experiment. You will need:

  • Two empty 1 litre plastic drinks bottles
  • One empty 2 litre plastic drinks bottle
  • Sharp scissors
  • Two identical glasses or paper cups - anything without a handle that is narrow enough to fit inside the smaller bottle
  • A jug or something to fill the glasses from
  • Hot water from the tap
  • Two thermometer strips (sold at chemists and supermarkets) and some sticky tape.

What to do: Lots of steps to this one (and it is neatly stolen from the Bang website) so take a look at this link for full details and explanations!

Source

6. Physics Magic Tricks

Sticky Rice: Get a clean jam jar. Fill to the top with rice. Hold the jar firmly with one hand, push a pencil right to the bottom. Pull the pencil up slowly but not all the way out. The push it back down again. If the rice level starts to drop, top up the rice.

Eventually, the rice will compact around your pencil, and you will be able to lift the whole jar with the pencil. When this happens, the friction between the pencil and rice is so large that you cannot easily pull the pencil out!

Bend water with static electricity: Blow up a balloon and rub it against your head to build up a static charge. Do this for several minutes to really get a decent charge. Then, turn a tap on: it should be on enough for a steady but slow stream of water to come out, not just drips. Bring the balloon close to the stream of water and observe what happens!

Super bouncing: Grab a tennis ball. Drop it on the floor and see how high it bounces. Now grab a basketball. Drop it on the floor and see how high it bounces. Now put the tennis ball on top of the basketball; support the basketball with one hand and the tennis ball with the other. Drop your two balls at exactly the same time. Now go and ask next-door for your tennis ball back.

7. Rainbow in a Glass

Density is anything but dense - take advantage of this physical concept by making a rainbow in a glass. You will need:

  1. 5 glasses
  2. Sugar
  3. Water
  4. Different coloured food colouring
  5. Tablespoon
  6. Epic patience and a steady hand - this will take some practice!

What to Do: Line up the glasses and put 3 tablespoons of water into the first four glasses. Add one tablespoon of sugar to glass one, two to glass two, three to glass three, four to glass four. Stir thoroughly to dissolve the sugar. Now add a different colour foodcolouring to each glass. Pour 1/4 of glass four into glass five. That was the easy bit.

This is the tricky bit. You must pour the next layer (glass three) so gently that it doesn't mix with the first layer. You can put a teaspoon just above the first layer and pour the mixture gently over the back of the spoon to minimise splash. The more slowly you do this, the better the results. When you have filled the glass to about the same width as the last layer, repeat with glass two, and then with glass one. If you have done this right you should get something like the picture.

What's Happening? The different amounts of sugar in water create different densities of water. As you are layering them with the heaviest at the bottom, the different layers will 'sit' on top of each other. Eventually, due to particle dynamics, the layers will mix. The greater the difference in density, the longer the effect lasts. Unlike water and oil, however, once you mix the layers, they will not settle back.

Next? A similar, more palatable, effect can be achieved with 'squashes' (drink mixes) instead of food colouring.

8. Hot Ice

Ice is a crystalline solid that forms when water freezes. But water is not the only liquid that makes crystals. You will need:

  1. Parental Supervision
  2. Sodium Acetate (easily available online)
  3. Pyrex dish
  4. Saucepan
  5. Scissors

What to Do:

Pour the sodium acetate powder into a saucepan. Add water a little at a time. You want just enough to dissolve the gel, the less water you add, the better. Heat the mixture gently whilst stirring. You should notice the gel dissolving

Now pour this mixture into a glass, making sure not to let any undissolved gel into the glass. (Keep any undissolved crystals for later) Put this into the fridge for an hour to cool it.

Take out your 'hot-ice' mixture. It should be liquid. Touch it and watch the mixture instantly freeze. Feel the outside of the container - it should feel warm to the touch.

What's Happening? This is another example of supercooling, but with a liquid that freezes above 0. Remember, all freezing is is changing from a liquid to a solid - it doesn't have to be cold for this to happen

Next? To form the sculptures you need a metal tray scattered with a thin layer of sodium acetate powder to act as a nucleation site.

9. Grow Something!

I leave this to your imagination! Try growing flowers, tomatoes, herbs, anything! This will teach responsibility as well as open up avenues for different experiments (light levels, fertiliser levels, different places in the home, time of watering, regularity of watering) and allows children to develop their observation skills. Have them keep a journal or log of their observations over several weeks, writing down in detail what they do to the plant and what they see.

10. Self Inflating Balloon

Combine Biology and Physics to blow up a balloon with the power of yeast! You will need:

  1. A used washed fizzy drinks bottle (lid not required)
  2. Latex balloon (thinner the better)
  3. Elastic band
  4. Measuring Jug
  5. Yeast
  6. Sugar
  7. Water

What to Do: Place 2 teaspoons of yeast, 1 teaspoon of sugar and one cup of water into the bottle. Put the balloon over the top of the bottle and secure with the elastic band. Leave, but keep an eye on it

What's happening? Yeast is actually a micro-organism. The yeast is 'eating' the sugar and respiring. A product of respiration is Carbon Dioxide, which slowly fills up the balloon.

Next? Experiment with different temperatures, different types of sugar, different amounts of sugar to see how quickly you can blow up the balloon.

Which Experiment are you going to try first?

See results

Comments

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    • profile image

      Asif baig 

      24 hours ago

      It's really intresting and fascinating

      But somethings are difficult like water rainbow

      But it is also intresting

    • profile image

      No one 

      3 weeks ago

      Very cool

    • profile image

      Saloni 

      3 weeks ago

      Very interesting experiment

    • profile image

      3 weeks ago

    • profile image

      Godsfavour 

      4 weeks ago

      do u have any group I want more

    • profile image

      Anonymous 

      5 weeks ago

      INTERESTING SITE!!!!

      Thanks!

    • profile image

      random dude 

      6 weeks ago

      i need some cooler experaments

    • profile image

      Person 

      3 months ago

      Are these for kids

    • profile image

      ezekiel 

      4 months ago

      nice

    • profile image

      ya boi 

      4 months ago

      im going to try the balloon

    • profile image

      Angel 

      5 months ago

      Nice

    • profile image

      Prinxyl 

      5 months ago

      These is one of the good websites to see some interesting things

    • profile image

      Bobby 

      6 months ago

      let's go this actually works thanks for the tips.

    • profile image

      Gayathri 

      6 months ago

      It is good for programs like exhibition day and it helped me for grand science exhibition day in my school

    • profile image

      Isaiah 

      6 months ago

      Physics Magic is complicated but very helpful and fun.

    • profile image

      riddhi 

      7 months ago

      Ice roll track experience idea

    • profile image

      Riya rày 

      7 months ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      Qamar 

      8 months ago

      intresting

    • profile image

      Ishu 

      10 months ago

      Nice

    • profile image

      Tayla 

      10 months ago

      Hi my name is Tayla this is the best I will try Thease at home

    • profile image

      Leni 

      10 months ago

      The slime lasted for a week for me

    • profile image

      Aastha 

      11 months ago

      Thanks for sharing your knowledge

    • profile image

      Rahul roy 

      11 months ago

      Nice thought of science

    • profile image

      Krish vora 

      11 months ago

      Very nice website

    • profile image

      lakshmi narayan sandal 

      11 months ago

      Very nice and excellent thinking that moderate the students

    • profile image

      anu 

      12 months ago

      Nice

    • profile image

      Raaga 

      12 months ago

      I liked it so much

    • profile image

      Agnes 

      12 months ago

      I feel like doing everything at once.

    • profile image

      Raviraj 

      13 months ago

      Nice. Yaaaaa

    • profile image

      John 

      14 months ago

      great for class thanks

    • profile image

      godesha 

      14 months ago

      this is awesome

    • profile image

      Chandu 

      15 months ago

      Fantastic.

    • profile image

      Rose Glitter 

      17 months ago

      Actually it is a very excellent thing which radiates the knowledge.

    • profile image

      Sushma 

      17 months ago

      Wonderful

    • profile image

      farha 

      17 months ago

      nice

    • profile image

      Bella 

      18 months ago

      it is cool

    • profile image

      Sandeep kashyap 

      19 months ago

      Good

    • profile image

      Ajit kharel 

      19 months ago

      It's just cool buddy

    • profile image

      Alok 

      20 months ago

      Bad experiments

    • profile image

      Achchhelal chauhan 

      20 months ago

      Wow! Experiment....

    • profile image

      surya 

      23 months ago

      Its good for school expriments thank a lot

    • profile image

      amarbhovad 

      23 months ago

      cool

    • profile image

      Asad Abbas khan 

      23 months ago

      That's very helpful site for helping me out in my assignments.

    • profile image

      Muskan 

      24 months ago

      I like it so much.

    • profile image

      Akshatha 

      2 years ago

      How long does it take for the balloon to get inflated in the self inflating balloon experiment?

    • profile image

      mohammad nayeem 

      2 years ago

      very nice ideas

    • profile image

      Kartik... 

      2 years ago

      Awesome ideas...used em for my school activities

    • profile image

      yanna 

      3 years ago

      i think its really good

    • profile image

      divya 

      3 years ago

      experiments are well and good

    • profile image

      injila scientist 

      3 years ago

      Nice experiments

    • profile image

      angel aana 

      3 years ago

      osm experiments...

    • profile image

      Anitha Vallabhaneni 

      4 years ago

      its intresting

    • profile image

      alishba 

      4 years ago

      I like this expriment and i will try at home

    • Aaron Sparks profile image

      Aaron Sparks 

      4 years ago

      Thanks for the article, vet interesting!

      i will try some of this with my kid, hoping this will get him to think i'm cool again.

      although i think he already know the thing with the mentos...(pretty old)

    • profile image

      riya student 

      5 years ago

      some new experiment for my science exhibition

    • profile image

      anglina 

      5 years ago

      good experimnts but make other also that we can see .............. cool experiments these are

      keep it up :-)

    • sprickita profile image

      sprickita 

      5 years ago from Reno

      D all of the above.... (4 which cool trick2try) kinda mean only letting us pick one... Just kidding THANK YOU happy hubbing..

    • profile image

      sundas 

      6 years ago

      I like this and keep it up

    • stuff4kids profile image

      Amanda Littlejohn 

      6 years ago

      I have to say that I am really impressed by this: what fabulous ideas and all so clearly explained and presented.

      Thank you very much for sharing all these great ways to get kids (and adults!) involved in practical science. Really lovely.

    • profile image

      nikitha 

      6 years ago

      all experiments are good

    • M Zees profile image

      Muhammad Zeeshan 

      6 years ago from Karachi, Pakistan

      ive tried some of them and they may not sound cool first but they are fun once you really get into them.

    • rumanasaiyed profile image

      Rumana 

      6 years ago from Sharjah, UAE

      Wow, these are very interesting and funny things to do!! I specially like the rainbow in a water glass. Great hub!!

    • shai77 profile image

      Chen 

      6 years ago

      Wow, these look like so much fun. I want to make slime right now, just looks kinda cool to keep in the desk drawer to sit around and play with when you're thinking. Great hub! Yay science, so much fun!

    • pinkhawk profile image

      pinkhawk 

      6 years ago from Pearl of the Orient

      Fascinating! ^_^

    • truthfornow profile image

      Marie Hurt 

      6 years ago from New Orleans, LA

      Great list of ideas to entertain the kids and do some science at home. I had one of those chemistry sets with little test tubes and bottles of chemicals when I was young. It was my favorite toy.

    • Jmillis2006 profile image

      Jmillis2006 

      6 years ago from North Carolina

      I am going to try the rainbow in a glass with my son. Loved this hub.

    • Frangipanni profile image

      Frangipanni 

      6 years ago

      Great hubs. With kids in school your hubs are such help. I see you are one hub of the 100! Good luck!

    • profile image

      siddhi shah 

      6 years ago

      its great i learn many things about the science n i happy to know this things , i like science subject n also maths

    • raising humans profile image

      raising humans 

      6 years ago from North Carolina

      I LOVE this! Thank you! I love doing science experiments with my kids!

    • profile image

      Riya Chaudhari. 

      6 years ago

      I like the Science Experiments soooooooo much!

      I liked the balloon one and the rainbow in the glass the most!

      I also tried and I was KAMIYAB! to do it1

    • profile image

      Anil padhee 

      6 years ago

      great project of science

    • HoneyBB profile image

      H Lax 

      6 years ago

      I love science projects. I'm going to have a lot of fun trying some of these out. Thanks for sharing.

    • LopezUnleashed profile image

      LopezUnleashed 

      6 years ago

      This was pretty cool reading. As a homeschooling mom, any science experiments I can get my hands on that someone has actually done is a great thing. Sometimes I check out books from the library on science experiments, and I sometimes wonder if they ever try them before they publish them.

    • K9keystrokes profile image

      India Arnold 

      6 years ago from Northern, California

      What a fantastic article! Easy to follow instructions and great experiments! I may be giving the rainbow in a glass project a go! What fun!

      Cheers~

    • profile image

      liza 

      6 years ago

      nice and very interesting ideas .these experimets students can enjoy .go onn

    • Lwelch profile image

      Lena Welch 

      6 years ago from USA

      Aha! PVA glue is the international name for Elmer's I bet! I needed to verify that for my hub and there it is in yours! Get your goo on!

    • jennzie profile image

      Jenn 

      6 years ago from Pennsylvania

      These experiments sound like they would be very fun to try. Awesome hub!

    • kittyjj profile image

      Ann Leung 

      6 years ago from San Jose, California

      Great ideas on science experiments for kids. They all sound fun to try. School has just started and this hub can help our kids to choose their science projects for the school science fair this year. Thank you for sharing this useful hub. Voted up, useful and shared!

    • Greensleeves Hubs profile image

      Greensleeves Hubs 

      6 years ago from Essex, UK

      Great page TFscientist of good fun ideas for people to try at home - well described, well illustrated, and most importantly (for those who like to see science made clear), well explained. Hopefully the page will indeed encourage some to develop a greater interest in science. Glad I've found you. Voted up. Alun.

    • profile image

      violy 

      6 years ago

      the experiment on this site is awesome.

    • robes profile image

      robes 

      6 years ago

      Awesome ideas! I enjoy a good read over some small science experiments!

    • mkjuett profile image

      Mary Juett 

      6 years ago from Omaha, NE

      Great ideas! My girls are too young for some of them, but as parents we love to play and it might spark some thoughts about how our world works with their little minds! I'm loving the rainbow in a glass, I may be trying that one soon for some of our color experiments!

    • rneufeld profile image

      rneufeld 

      7 years ago from Virginia

      These expirements are awesome!

    • Melovy profile image

      Yvonne Spence 

      7 years ago from UK

      My 12 year-old will love this! She’s done a few of these experiments, but there’s plenty here for her to try. This will keep her amused for hours, thanks!

    • profile image

      WorkAllDay 

      7 years ago

      I do a lot of science work. These are great things for students to do for labs also. i like the fact that they are all very well hands on. its great! keep up the good work and you will get far with your web site wor and posting work. just keep in mind not everyone will like your work but you just need to minus all of them out of your head.

    • words cocktail profile image

      words cocktail 

      7 years ago from Australia

      I think 'Arts and Science' have always been married to each other!! :)

    • TFScientist profile imageAUTHOR

      Rhys Baker 

      7 years ago from Peterborough, UK

      @ oldandwise & perspycacious: Thank you so much for passing on my ideas. I really hope your grandchildren enjoy the experiments! Let me know how things go :)

    • TFScientist profile imageAUTHOR

      Rhys Baker 

      7 years ago from Peterborough, UK

      @Eric - thank you for your comment! I do hope my hub can make it! If enough people like this and share it, you never know! Hope you can find some use for the experiments at some point!

    • TFScientist profile imageAUTHOR

      Rhys Baker 

      7 years ago from Peterborough, UK

      @ words cocktail - I quite agree. I asked a question a few weeks back if science and art could ever come together - I guess I have answered my own question here! Glad you enjoyed it :)

    • TFScientist profile imageAUTHOR

      Rhys Baker 

      7 years ago from Peterborough, UK

      @cocopreme - that is my philosophy neatly summed up. Learning doesn't have to be dull and all out of textbooks it should be interesting and fun and as practical as possible

    • words cocktail profile image

      words cocktail 

      7 years ago from Australia

      :) All this science is quite ARTY -- loved it!

      Three cheers specially for the 'Rainbow in the Glass'

    • Eric Newland profile image

      Eric Newland 

      7 years ago from Dayton, Ohio

      Fun stuff and well formatted; I enjoyed it even though my daughter's still too young for this stuff. Maybe I'll bookmark it for a couple years down the road. I could see this one making Hub of the Day.

    • Perspycacious profile image

      Demas W Jasper 

      7 years ago from Today's America and The World Beyond

      Shared with my 16 grandchildren. Thanks.

    • profile image

      oldandwise 

      7 years ago

      Wow great experiments. Will have to try these out with my grandsons. voted up!

    • oliviadonkitblog profile image

      oliviadonkitblog 

      7 years ago

      Awesome experiments.

    • cocopreme profile image

      Candace Bacon 

      7 years ago from Far, far away

      I love science experiments like these. They are so fun to try. You don't even notice you are learning. Good roundup.

    • TFScientist profile imageAUTHOR

      Rhys Baker 

      7 years ago from Peterborough, UK

      Thank you so much for all the positive comments. I tell my students that science is all around us, and I hope this makes my point for me! I'm debating whether to do a follow up hub...but have to wait for my video camera to get fixed!

    • profile image

      SJmorningsun25 

      7 years ago

      Great list of experiments--and great pictures! These look like a lot of fun. Thanks for sharing these!

    • KarenCreftor profile image

      Karen Creftor 

      7 years ago from Kent, UK

      I'm nearly 31 and have no children but might just have to try some of these :P

      Great hub!

      ~Kaz x

    • Teresa Coppens profile image

      Teresa Coppens 

      7 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      Great experiments. I will be trying out some of these with my boys!

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