Second Brain Found in the Heart and Gut Neurons

Updated on April 6, 2020
Sue Adams profile image

Juliette Kando is a dancer, choreologist, author on fitness and health, and Fellow of the Benesh Institute at the Royal Academy of Dance.

A network of neurotransmitters in our heart and gut may meet the standards for brain activity.
A network of neurotransmitters in our heart and gut may meet the standards for brain activity. | Source

The idea of transplanted cellular memory emerged in 1920 in the film Les Mains d'Orleac. Now, a second brain in the heart and the gut is much more than an idea. Prominent medical experts have recently discovered that many recipients of heart transplants are inheriting donors' memories and subsequently reporting huge changes in their tastes, their personality, and, most extraordinarily, in their emotional memories. Today, scientists are testing the theory that the heart and the gut are involved in our feelings. So, what have they discovered?

Case Studies Surrounding Heart Intelligence

Amazing new discoveries have revealed that the heart organ is intelligent. Sometimes our heart can lead the brain both in our interpretation of the external world as well as the actions we chose to take. A large number of case studies was enough to prompt scientists to examine the heart with a different lens. They began by testing old theories that claim that the heart is involved in our feelings, emotions, and premonitions.

Since cardiac surgeon Christian Barnard's first successful human heart transplant in South Africa in 1967, heart transplant recipients have had some intriguing experiences. Some of these events were so strange that recipients sought to meet the families of their donors to find out what was happening to them. The question was could the patients have inherited certain behavioral and character traits through cellular memories from the heart of their donors? The following anecdotes are only a few of the many cases reported as evidence of something extraordinary happening to heart transplant recipients:

  • A gentle, soft-spoken woman who never drank alcohol and hated football received a heart from a crashed biker donor and turned into an aggressive, beer-drinking football fan.
  • A 47-year-old Caucasian male received a heart from a 17-year-old African American male. The recipient was surprised by his newfound love of classical music. What he discovered later was that the donor, who loved classical music and played the violin, had died in a drive-by shooting, clutching his violin case to his chest. A man who could barely write suddenly developed a talent for poetry.
  • An eight-year-old girl who received the heart of a ten-year-old murdered girl had horrifying nightmares of a man murdering her donor. The dreams were so traumatic that psychiatric help was sought. The girl’s images were so specific that the psychiatrist and the mother notified the police. Using the most detailed and horrid descriptive memories provided by the little girl, the police gathered enough evidence to find the murderer, charge him, and get a conviction for rape and first-degree murder.

The connection between our hearts and our brains is deeper than we think.
The connection between our hearts and our brains is deeper than we think.

What Are Cellular Memories?

Science has attempted to explain why organ recipients are hosts to donors’ memories and emotions, also known as "cellular memories." While a handful of scientists are skeptical and dismissing this strange phenomenon as post-surgery stress or reaction to anti-organ rejection drugs, there are also a growing number of experts who believe cellular memories are indeed transplanted from donor to recipient with organs.

Dr. Paul Pearsall, for instance, believes in the possibility of cellular memories being transferred to new owners by way of transplant procedures, due in part to his own bone marrow transplant in 1987. He analyzes this phenomenon and its larger implications for how we conceive of human consciousness in his book The Heart's Code: Tapping the Wisdom and Power of Our Heart Energy.

The Little Brain in the Heart

Dr. Andrew Armour of the UCLA Neurocardiology Research Center discovered a sophisticated collection of neurons in the heart that organized into a small, complex nervous system. The heart’s nervous system contains around 40,000 neurons called sensory neurites that communicate with the brain. Dr. Armour dubbed this discovery as the "little brain in the heart." Memory is a distributive process which means you can’t localize it to a neuron or a group of neurons in the brain. The memory itself is distributed throughout the neural system. So, why do we draw a line at the brain? Maybe it's time we distinguish the functions of the brain and what we call the mind.

What Is the Mind?

The mind is considered the center of human consciousness. Scientists have always tried to describe it as a consequence of brain functions. The brain was always considered to be the primary hardware. However, an increasing amount of evidence suggests that the mind is a sophisticated software that goes beyond the physical limits of our skulls.

The Mind Is Not Located Solely in the Brain

A quote from the late Dr. Candace Pert, a pharmacologist at Georgetown University explains the strange transplant experiences. "The mind is not just in the brain, but also exists throughout the body. The mind and body communicate with each other through chemicals known as peptides. These peptides are found in the brain as well as in the stomach, in muscles and in all of our major organs. I believe that memory can be accessed anywhere in the peptide/receptor network. For instance, a memory associated with food may be linked to the pancreas or liver and such associations can be transplanted from one person to another."

Professor Dan Siegel of UCLA School of Medicine describes the mind as, “the emergent self-organizing process, both embodied and relational, that regulates energy and information flow within and among us.” This definition supports the claim that the mind extends beyond our brains. Siegel takes it a step further. He believes that the mind extends into a some space outside of our bodies. He argues that the mind is our perception of life and life itself. That means that it’s difficult to separate our personal view of the world from our interactions.

Do you believe that your heart has its own brain?

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The Enteric Nervous System: The Second Brain in Your Gut

The human gut has been referred to by some scientists as the "enteric nervous system." The enteric nervous system is widely-regarded as our second brain. It consists of a sophisticated network of 100 million neurons fixed in the walls of our guts.

Bacteria in the gut produce neurochemicals like serotonin that the second brain utilizes to control basic physiological processes and cognitive functions. Serotonin is a chemical that influences the digestive processes and mood states. The second brain in our gut produces over 90% of the chemical that exists in our entire bodies.

Our gut is versatile in its ability to cooperate with the brain. This realization along with knowledge of our brain's capacity to regulate external dangers led researchers to the gut-brain connection. Gastroenterologist Emeran Mayer, MD, Director of the Center for Neurobiology of Stress at the University of California, Los Angeles, believes that, "it's almost unthinkable that the gut is not playing a critical role in mind states."

The ENS and Emotions

The enteric nervous system could be responsible for mood swings experienced by people experiencing stomach issues. Researchers previously thought that anxiety and depression were to blame for issues like constipation and bloating. However, studies have found evidence of a two-way exchange in which digestive issues may also be to blame for signaling the central nervous system to trigger mood changes.

Do you think there is something akin to a "second brain" found in the gut?

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Sources

© 2009 Juliette Kando FI Chor

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    • profile image

      Johny Milsom 

      6 months ago

      Moving forward with new tmt’s... 2019 finding the intertistium and now the neutrons connection in the gut and the heart...mmmmm tells me there is serious cures around the corner...right on med sci!!!

    • profile image

      N M Page 

      6 months ago

      I am very thankful for this article. I had an aneurysm in the thalamus and suffered some very strange affects and one of them was a connection from my stomach to my heart. My stomach would hurt and then the heart rate and blood pressure would go up, and pain all up the left side. I would feel an internal shaking as well. I was told there was no connection of the stomach and heart and it was all in my head. I aim now on blood pressure pills and sure would like to get off them but this still happens even though not as often. I hope that the medical profession opens their heart and mind so that they can see that all that they do not understand is not in the head of a patient.

    • profile image

      Lisa Barnes 

      6 months ago

      Im reading this an im thi king wow. Ive felt things from my heart ,literally. When ever ive gone through a bad change in life, such as separation, like a relationship, death, losing a job,i can feel it from my heart, an actual pain runs from heart to my left arm,for days after the event happens. More ppl should try to get in tune, with both brains. My gut feeling has never lied to me. Thank you for this article. Its was awesome.

      Merry Christmas, and Happy New Year. This will be the best Christmas present ever. Thanks again.

    • profile image

      Doug Frantz 

      7 months ago

      I received a new heart 3 years ago, while certainly grateful for my new life, I have not experienced any signs of changes in personality or any preferences in food, music, etc.

      But since I haven’t met my donor family, maybe we had similar tastes and personalities.....

    • profile image

      Jim Vinson 

      7 months ago

      I find myself often saying, "have a heart."

    • profile image

      Heather webber 

      7 months ago

      The Bible is full of references to the heart and not the brain. E.g

      For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

      Blessed are the pure in heart for they shall see God.

      Why do you entertain evil thoughts in your hearts.

      But the things that come out of a persons mouth come from the heart, and these defile them.

      These are all sayings of Jesus Christ in the Gospel of Matthew.

    • profile image

      Miss Geri 

      7 months ago

      I found this very interesting since I had a heart attack in April, no muscle damage.Plus I'm a donor.

    • profile image

      Rachana Shivam-Evans 

      7 months ago

      Other organs also carry 'memory' and influence the recipient. The donor often doesn't know that they have died. It is useful to 'tune into' the dead person and tell them what has happened. A 'conversation ' between the two helps the kidney accept its new situation and helps it settle into the recipient's body. The explanation is the nature of consciousness and the power of metaphor.

    • profile image

      Patricia Childspose 

      7 months ago

      The heart is a huge emotional machine. Of course it reacts to the brain and can make the brain react. They are linked together and share electrical impulses that go back and fourth. To think it only goes on way is a ridiculous. Every communication is a two way street, unless its with the government.

    • profile image

      nicole 

      7 months ago

      Absolute truth!!!

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      7 months ago from Andalusia

      Yes John, he is:

      https://neurology.arizona.edu/gary-e-schwartz-phd

      In as far as scientific studies, please watch the above video of Professor Paul Pearsal.

    • Rock_nj profile image

      John Coviello 

      7 months ago from New Jersey

      Is Professor Gary Schwartz the University of Arizona Director of Laboratory for Advances in Consciousness and Health? I've read his book about research into the afterlife.

      With so many heart transplants happening these days it seems like scientists should design and implement a study of the heart as a second brain in transplant recipients. I read the anecdotal reports that you included, and while very impressive, they aren't part of a scientific study. There are enough heart transplants nowadays to have a large enough sample size to make some real scientific conclusions by studying this fascinating phenomenon. Of course, it's hard for scientists to get funding and go out on a limb to study something outside of the mainstream.

    • profile image

      James Michael 

      7 months ago

      I haven't always known that the heart spoke for itself. I've got wiser over the years. I'm 73 now. I got a BSc in General Science in my early 20s, subjects physics, maths & philosophy of science. Back then I thought everything could ultimately be reduced to science, that consciousness could be reduced to quantum mechanics, particles, forces and fields. Schrödinger's wave equation (general relativistic version) was the god that ruled the universe. At 73 I still respect and am awed by the achievements of science, physics & neurology especially. But I have long suspected, even from my undergraduate days, that science was missing something. Now I'm sure that by its very nature, science inevitably misses something, and that something is consciousness, the subjective, what the world feels like to live in, the yellowness of yellow, what philosophers of consciousness call "qualia".

      I've never felt that the heart, particularly, was my emotional centre, but I've always known that it wasn't the brain. Fear is a feeling in the gut, more than anywhere else. Love too, is not located in the brain, but all over the body, it feels like. Or it has no location at all, it is just somehow out there, everywhere. Love of beauty is felt when you look at say the sky, clouds against the blue, or flowers & trees, birds, butterflies. Everywhere in nature there is beauty. Stinging nettles. Slugs. Worms. Woodlice. Ants. As well as the obvious things like flowers and wild animals. The movements of a cat sniffing around. I really enjoyed reading this website, it got me thinking outside my usual boxes.

    • profile image

      Suchita Krishnaprasad 

      7 months ago

      The meditation technique I have been following for the last 25 years emphasizes this connection. I follow Sahaj yoga meditation technique and my Guru has taught how to integrate the brain heart and lever through the awakening of kundalini.. the Mother principle within us. This piece endorses this understanding! Thanks for sharing!!

    • profile image

      Ethna 

      7 months ago

      It makes perfect sense to me, take the state of anxiety, the brain is trained by us to feel anxiety but we feel the symptoms in the chest and gut, we over eat/under eat feel sick in the gut, our heart races our heart flutters. Just my feelings, possibly nonsense, but the feelings always seem to Centre/settle around the heart area?

    • fpherj48 profile image

      Suzie 

      7 months ago from Carson City

      JKFC......This topic is quite fascinating. It is also one that I recall learning of several years ago. I'm not sure now, of the source but I do recall I found it very interesting and frankly, it makes a lot of sense. I am a huge believer of that "inner voice" we've all experienced, aka, "intuition." It's not difficult to entertain these facts as having much more validity than we may have ever suspected.

      Thank you for sharing this. Peace, Paula

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      7 months ago from Andalusia

      Hi John,

      The reason there are fewer recent stories may simply be that ever since the phenomenon became more well known and published perhaps it is no longer reported as "breaking news". You know the media - here today and gone tomorrow.

    • Rock_nj profile image

      John Coviello 

      7 months ago from New Jersey

      Are there any more recent examples of this phenomenon? I looked into it some more and I found some stories that were kind of dated. It is a fascinating thing. Everyone gets those bad and good feelings about something that actually feel like they come from the heart or stomach area of the body.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile image

      Sanjay Sharma 

      7 months ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks for sharing the detailed account of the heart as the second brain or the brainchild.

      The strong feelings of love, revulsion, and hatred reside in the heart, despite the logical reasoning of the brain.

    • profile image

      Paul 

      7 months ago

      I learned late that my mind is fuckin always with my decisions, so I sought another way to find my way. Soon I discovered and verified I could never go wrong if I let the heart decide, I spite of all

    • profile image

      bhattuc 

      7 months ago

      An excellent article. It raises a very important question whether the cells in the body contain some signatures of the consciousness in them. If yes, then tiny brains are everywhere and that is what is manifesting in these patients undergone heart operations and transplants.

    • profile image

      Joanna Bosko 

      7 months ago

      At about 31/2 - 4 I remember telling my parents emphatically that I had a dream about going between two mountains in a cable car. There was no t.v. ..etc. my relatives had been in Switzerland for hundreds of years..my great grandfather made cheese in the mountains..I had no notion of a cable car..as an older person I used the phrase ‘cellular memories’...and firmly believe this. I am an active 82 yr. old.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      7 months ago from Andalusia

      Try again Yvonne. I just shared it on FB no problem.

    • profile image

      Yvonna s. Mann 

      7 months ago

      It won't let me share this.

    • profile image

      Dr. ZAY 

      7 months ago

      Truth always speak loud and clear what is True without apology to none.

    • profile image

      Linda Wesseler 

      7 months ago

      Would heart surgeries such as ablation, that affect neural pathways or cell tissue impact this?

    • profile image

      Brenda Bell 

      7 months ago

      Sri Ramana Maharshi taught that the "mind" should be absorbed into the Heart in order experience the Absolute Self.

    • profile image

      Laina Rawlins 

      7 months ago

      It’s fascinating!It makes sense to me.

    • profile image

      Barbara 

      7 months ago

      I have absolutely no doubt that our heart has a brain and even can be proved through intuitive people and our deep senses.

    • profile image

      Richard 

      7 months ago

      I was once diagnosed with abdominal epilepsy. Now called Autonomic Seizures. I suffer from all 4 types & they root from 3 different areas of my body & 2 parts of my brain. My gut, my heart, my spine, my thoughts & my physical brain.

      On my way out I can feel my entire nervous system & it’s hubs.

      There is also a more complicated communication, healing & regulatory system integrated into every tissue in our bodies. I can feel & hear it vibrate & hum on my way out during a seizure as well, pending what kind I have.

    • profile image

      Marilyn 

      7 months ago

      I believe this is the case with all transplanted organs. I wonder if some of the spirit of the donor is with the recipient. My husband's donor kidney never worked as well as it did after he was diagnosed with breast cancer. I believed his donor was with him. Why wouldn't all of our sensory memories live on. As was mentioned, an amputee has phantom pain or feels the missing limb. Why shouldn't the heart do the same?

    • profile image

      FRANKMCGLYNNJUNK@GMAIL.COM 

      7 months ago

      This would also explain the phenomenon that amputees experience when they have " phantom" pain for a limb that isn't there. Or how some people say they can still feel an arm or a leg that has been amputated.

    • profile image

      Philip M Schade 

      7 months ago

      As a heart transplant recipient I agree I've had some unusual gut feelings from time to time

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      7 months ago from Andalusia

      This article focuses primarily on the discovery of a second brain in the heart and inherited characteristics and feelings from heart donors. Having "the butterflies" or "premonitions" can also come from the enteric nervous system in the gut. So it appears that current and future scientific discoveries may indeed show that we have more than two brains.

    • profile image

      Alain Serré 

      7 months ago

      Very good article but no mention of the stomach, in some cirles also being called the second brain.

      Locally, we have a french canadian couple who have produced a 2 cd meditation work that I found very helpful ¨Harmonisation des 2 cerveaux¨.

      I'd like know about how all 3 fit together?

      Thank you,

      Alain

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      7 months ago from Andalusia

      Watching the video will answer many of your questions.

    • profile image

      Rachdog 

      7 months ago

      Would love to read a peer reviewed study of anything related to this.

    • profile image

      Brenda Joyce White 

      7 months ago

      I have always felt the heart has a brain of it's own. I have been known saying my heart is having an argument with my brain, when I am talking myself into why I want to buy something or do something that is not practical or affordable. Yes the heart has a brain.

    • profile image

      Martyn Reuben 

      7 months ago

      As usual, science is still lagging behind truth. The primary brain is the heart and the brain is the secondary. Why do you think the magnetic field of the heart is 5o times more powerful than the magnetic field of the brain? It's not size that matters; its power.

    • profile image

      Vanya 

      7 months ago

      Ok. I'm not a scientist which means I do not dispose of the scientific data. However, it is clear that although the soul might be able to live without the physical body, both co-exist as one. This is to say that both have physical character, but different physical characteristics. I. e. Both are of the same mother, but entirely different. And while the body is the shell that could not exist without the soul, the soul could exist independently without it. I could not answer the question how long could the soul exist independently and what are the factors determining that before its reincarnated. And could the soul exist entirely and indeffinetely without the body.

    • profile image

      Liz 

      7 months ago

      Our body is like an inner mega city with cells filled of consciousness w Oxygen a the generator.Cell memory is in the entire human body w heart as huge center...why? The stories of above are amazing!! I am not a scientist but intuitively- it totally make sense!

    • profile image

      Shubham Srivastava 

      7 months ago

      I am curious to know about this new marvellous study & I found it very important. The cases that are presented above reveals how a receipient got new abilities, tastes, liking or disliking from the donor. It can reveal many aspects of getting the solutions of life's secrets from an entirely different angle. Its surprising how a receipient develop or establish a new relation with a donor.

      It can open many other aspects.

      Congo to the Scientist & his team.

    • profile image

      Grace W. 

      7 months ago

      I believe our heart and brain work in tandem...guiding us a we choose how we live our lives. Both our heart and brain, remember the good the bad and the ugly... helping us to make better choices... I would not have believed this seven years ago... life experience taught me so...

    • profile image

      Ninaramona 

      7 months ago

      I am shure the hearth has a very god memory ! I am glad to hear about the new studies.

    • profile image

      Sarmakatemillion 

      7 months ago

      This is fascinating! Could it be that the magnetic resonance of the heart is the guide for the magnetic resonance of the neurons? Perhaps this resonance that extends beyond the flesh is a transmitter receiver that sends messages to the right hemisphere in the brain which processes information about the present moment. Certainly a traumatic experience would be stored in muscle memory. I am curious about these heart neurons and their relationship with mirror neurons.

      I have twins who are six and went through a traumatic experience together at the age of 18 months in a daycare. For several months post stress they physically re-inacted the experience involuntarily. To my understanding this doesn't occur, but I documented the behavior and it was on two (not one) children. I learned about the role of mirror neurons and their link to empathy and learned behavior. I do believe we are, as humans, on the cusp of discovering that our human vessel has two bodies... One seen and one unseen. Matter and energy. Left and right hemisphere. Two consciousnesses. The unseen has intelligence beyond our individual mind and is connected to everything through intuition and manifests to our individual self as a conscience. It's our higher self. Our vibration that creates the magnetic resonance signature determines how many bits per second the brain can process. Raise your bandwidth aka consciousness.

      Btw.... My children have very few disturbances as result of what happened. They are both doing above average in their studies. We discovered that by changing perception of past experience...you change the current effect it has on you. They are super heroes that have been sent to help children around the globe. They have the power of empathy post trauma. We are blessed to have each other and know love. Science may be able to explain this....but not as simple as spirituality can....

      The human vessel is the most advanced technology in the universe, when the waveform of love is fired into synapse. It comes with default settings and internal memory that protects the unseen part of it. Through complex messenger systems, the entire vessel of billions of cells and particles work as one. The hearts that were transplanted are still working as one within a new set of cells and enviroment. Cell programming will be useful in the future for organ transplants. You can't expect a person to go on the job the first day and know exactly what to do..... Same thing.

    • profile image

      Veronica C 

      7 months ago

      This is a very good article. I really think the heart is more important than just pumping up. I also believe that memory runs through the body. I recently had an experience where my body was going through things I felt as a kid and it wasn’t anything good. It felt like my body was remembering what it went through. My mind was coherent but the body reacted totally different. I really think memory truly isn’t in the brain alone.

    • profile image

      Christelle T 

      7 months ago

      I love this story.I have very telling dreams that have come true on numerous occasions and one was abot a unique cell found inthe center of your ,our ,anyones heart. In the dream that cell helped me to heal .Theres more to it however too much to explain here. Thank you for sharing .

    • profile image

      César Melo 

      7 months ago

      I am glad science is coming to terms with this amazing knowledge. I’ve always felt that the heart is a lot more than just a pump system that feeds our whole body sending blood all over the place, as if that in itself were not amazing already. But the knowledge that the heart actually is a brain in and of itself is just too good and the timing is just perfect.

      I hope science does validade this discovery ASAP so that we can literally start following our hearts!

    • techygran profile image

      Cynthia Zirkwitz 

      23 months ago from Vancouver Island, Canada

      Well-written article. I liked your examples of heart-transplant recipients. I believe that the brain is in the heart, and in the actual gut, if you believe Candace Pert's theory about feelings being body-wide peptides. I am now so much more likely to tell my granddaughters to "trust your gut" than I was in the past. I am pretty sure that that response will serve them well (I have a gut instinct about that).

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      2 years ago from Andalusia

      Hi John,

      According to reports of their experiences, transplant patients did not initially know who their donors were (it is not normal practice to reveal that information to transplant receivers). However, the changes they felt in their behavior, tastes and preferences made them wonder why such such unexplained changes occurred. Curiosity prompted them to seek out the families of their donors to investigate why those changes had taken place. Upon meeting the donors' families they found out that the new characteristics were indeed inherited from their donors through their new hearts.

    • Rock_nj profile image

      John Coviello 

      2 years ago from New Jersey

      Interesting. I always thought the second brain was in the stomach, because that's where you feel gut feelings; however, the heart is obviously a strong emotional organ, as it is associated with feelings of love.

      Those transplant stories are really interesting. I wonder if they knew what their donor did before they died, and this affected them. It would interesting if scientific studies were done on heart transplant patients that knew nothing about their donors, yet exhibited this odd personality changes.

    • Anita Hasch profile image

      Anita Hasch 

      2 years ago from Port Elizabeth

      Wow, read this hub again. Maybe science fiction is not so far off anyway.

    • Usman Umt profile image

      MUHAMMAD USMAN MASOOD 

      2 years ago

      Awesome article

    • profile image

      threekeys 

      2 years ago

      As long as I can remember I have always felt that.

      When transplants started to take place, I didn't like it, because I felt you would take on the life or memories of the deceased. And, here we are. I don't want any transplants. I will go as is.

    • profile image

      Alessandro Gatti-Kraus 

      2 years ago

      It has becomed clear that all parts of matter have consciousness, including cells therefore it is obvious that heart thinks and feels

    • profile image

      nmo 

      3 years ago

      I was reading the Quran yesterday and there are always reference that thinking is done by the hearts. This was news to me so I am searched this topic.

    • profile image

      shakerken@hotmail.com 

      3 years ago

      Read what God said in the Quran about the heart

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      3 years ago from Andalusia

      Interesting and true, Anita. Brain? Heart? It is all part of a connected whole. As a dancer, I often think with my toes.

      Thought waves are abound way before language, we just have to tune in.

    • Anita Hasch profile image

      Anita Hasch 

      3 years ago from Port Elizabeth

      I don't think the memories are coming from the heart in these heart transplant patients. It must come from the brain itself. I believe we only use a small percentage of our brain. Why would that be? Our brains have most probably not evolved as they should. Who knows what the human brain will be capable of in 100 years. Many people have had experience with mental telepathy, I have myself. So in the future humans may be able to communicate by thoughts without talking. In fact, I'm quite sure that in 100 years, humans will be doing things that we can only dream about.

    • Debangee Mandal profile image

      DEBANGEE MANDAL 

      3 years ago from India

      Very good concept. Quite an interesting and informative hub.

    • profile image

      Hosshin Ananda 

      3 years ago

      I run a whole course based upon the science of the heart and the brain in terms of mindfulness practice. This article uses many of the sources I also use and I certainly agree with the atirle and its central premise.

    • profile image

      Pedro Celestino dos Reis Rodrigues 

      3 years ago

      The article may well cite the neurocientist António Rosa Damásio work on the importance of visceral organs to the feelings and decision making.

    • profile image

      Shinze 

      3 years ago

      Love thus article. Read stories about this sort of thing re:heart transplant recipients years ago.

    • Ronio profile image

      Ronio 

      3 years ago

      Sure is true in my work. I just 'hold the space', as some of my teachers would say, and let my brain be quiet.. Very quiet. My eyes are closed and I am deeply listening with my heart through my hands. The movement just happens. If I feel stuck, I ask for 'Help' like Harry taught us. Important that people feel safe, and 'seen' and cared for /supported. It really works, and I often feel / notice the healing in my own mind (quiet) and body too. Love this work.

      Upon a lot of reflection and experience I have come to realize that this skill was a 'gift of grief' for me. The death of my wife Deborah of 37 years you could say intensely stimulated my heart for a long time. Part of my recovery has been to allow the emotions and sensations to open my capacity feel real empathy. This is so present in my work and people respond to it almost all of the time. As I continue to contribute and heal I realize that my experience with my clients is the greatest teacher of all.

    • profile image

      AslanBalaur 

      3 years ago

      While I am somewhat skeptical of the memory and emotional transfer along with a heart transfer., the "feedback memory" part of this article goes a long way towards describing what is often referred to as "muscle memory." The rote repetition of actions to improve the speed and/or accuracy of an action has long been a popular training technique. That the neurons that transmit sensory and motor signals for these muscles would contain some of the memory for that action is no great leap. And since the heart is a muscle, and a particularly complex one at that, that is rather dense in nerve material, I don't see that a mini-brain of a somewhat subconscious nature, would be that far fetched.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      3 years ago from Andalusia

      Hi Sarah,

      The stories are true enough, experienced by so many recipients. If you are asking for scientific evidence of the phenomenon, watch the video to the end in which prominent scientists talk about the discovery of neurons in the heart which form the heart's very own nervous system with long and short term memory just as memory works in the brain. The brain and the heart are interconnected. Current scientific research shows that the heart-brain takes care of feeling, intuition, and emotional memory before the brain to prepare the brain for action.

    • profile image

      simona 

      3 years ago

      It was about time .. Through Buddhist meditation it was revealed already 2500 years ago that our mind is actually sitting in a spoon of blood in the heart. One can actually see in meditation how every impulse for everything happening in the body it actually starts from the mind, the big mind which is located in the heart.

    • profile image

      Ahmed Rouas 

      3 years ago

      I am happy that science has finally discoverd that, happy because it happened in our time.

      As Muslim I read in the Qur'an:

      " They have hearts with which they do not understand, they have eyes with which they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless." 7/179

      And in another chapter we read:

      "So have they not traveled through the earth and have hearts by which to reason and ears by which to hear? For indeed, it is not eyes that are blinded, but blinded are the hearts which are within the breasts."

      44/46

      True science will never contrdict true revelation

    • profile image

      Maxi 

      3 years ago

      love this! watched a doco a few years back and still think about this regulary... there really is so much we just dont know about ourselves, and these vessells we call bodies.. i only hope im still knocking about if and when they discover more! lovely article, thank you! xx

    • Glenn Stok profile image

      Glenn Stok 

      4 years ago from Long Island, NY

      Sue, that new video you just added explained it well.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      4 years ago from Andalusia

      Hi Glenn,

      For those of you who believe that the remarkable stories are mere coincidence, watch the new video I added today. Apparently, the heart is much more than just a pump.

      The video explains, better than I ever could, the science behind the discovery of an intuitive and emotional little brain in the heart working in conjunction with the brain.

      The 2nd brain in the heart is made up of heart neurons which, in many cases, retain some of the donor's memory and experiences long after transplantation into a new body.

    • Glenn Stok profile image

      Glenn Stok 

      4 years ago from Long Island, NY

      I find this very interesting Sue. The examples you gave sure do seem to prove that memory is also stored in neurons of the heart.

      These cases could all be coincidence. But the most extreme example is the one of the young girl who received a heart from one that was murdered and then was able to articulate enough detail to capture and convict the murderer. It's hard to write that off to coincidence.

      Although this needs further exploration, it's an interesting concept.

    • adevwriting profile image

      Arun Dev 

      4 years ago from United Countries of the World

      This is really wonderful! I've always believed in 'gut feelings'. Voted up!

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      5 years ago from Andalusia

      That's exactly what this hub is about Madeleine. Except this is not fiction but reality.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      6 years ago from Andalusia

      Well said Fahad, faith science are not mutually exclusive. Language alone does not begin to describe emotional truths.

    • profile image

      fahad 

      6 years ago

      being muslim, i believed all this stuff already, but now glad to know that science is approaching in the right way,,, still many truths are hidden regarding our Heart and Soul. i think that science is just closer to get the scientific proofs of the religious thoughts which are hard to believe on,

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      6 years ago from Andalusia

      Hi Tolovaj, thank you for the read. I too thought this was really interesting when I did the research.

    • Tolovaj profile image

      Tolovaj 

      6 years ago

      Interesting stuff. We know so much about universe and so little about our bodies, this would not be a surprise at all. Thanks for sharing!

    • justmesuzanne profile image

      justmesuzanne 

      7 years ago from Texas

      Very fascinating! Voted up, awesome and shared! :)

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      7 years ago from Andalusia

      Hello Edward and Dedi,

      I too was surprised. I had an inkling that got confirmed by doing the research for this article. There is so much that we don't yet know but one thing I'm certain of is: follow your intuition. It's trying to tell you some truth or another, however irrational it may seem.

    • profile image

      dedi sriyono 

      7 years ago

      I knew that we have heart brain,bcoz i also work n developed it for health.Now we call that ability is bio genesis.We can renew the cells in our body like lizzad tile.

    • profile image

      Edward111 

      7 years ago

      This was so interesting to read. I always had a feeling that the heart was an organ for feelings and emotions. Thank you for a revealing piece of writing Sue. Voted up.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      8 years ago from Andalusia

      Wow Nana Marie, That's amazing! Blinking against sudden bright light is a response to fear. We can all feel that many emotions come straight from the heart, like love, joy, sadness etc. The nervous system reaches all the way down to our toes. There must be a terrific collaboration of several brains working for the few who can walk on cinders or a bed of nails without getting injured. It's called Mind Control. Is the mind then the mother of all our brains (including those not yet discovered)?

    • ThussaysNanaMarie profile image

      ThussaysNanaMarie 

      8 years ago from In my oyster

      That was really informative!

      Did you know that in an experiment involving random reaction to flickered lights the heart always responded a fraction of a second before the eyes blinked. This suggested that the heart was more intuitive than the brain which controls the reflex action of blinking.

      The amazing human body will always confound us.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      8 years ago from Andalusia

      There you go LivingFood,

      It is very sad that science refuses to deal with instinct, emotions, premonitions, faith and all the stuff we all know from experience exists but is denied us by scientists in blind denial of their own feelings.

    • LivingFood profile image

      LivingFood 

      8 years ago

      I always knew this to be true from reading the Bible, but I didn't know that science had the proof to back it up. Loved the stories you shared!

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      8 years ago from Andalusia

      Thanks for the tip tsadjatko. I love the wisdom of primitive ancient cultures.

      How right you are Katrina. Believe your feelings and you can't go wrong.

    • profile image

      Katrina 

      8 years ago

      This is really interesting and proves the point of what we feel in our hearts.

    • tsadjatko profile image

      The Logician 

      8 years ago from now on

      Hi Sue ! There is much to be learned from the allusive tsadjatko of the Quinault Indians so tune in!

      :-)

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      8 years ago from Andalusia

      Hi tsadjatko, I didn´t even know that the heart develops before the brain in an embrio. What you say is very interesting. Thank you.

    • tsadjatko profile image

      The Logician 

      8 years ago from now on

      Excellent hub! You know it really isn't a stretch to believe the heart is more than meets the eye when you consider in embryogenesis (the development of an embryo) it is the first organ to appear. By the end of the third week there is now a heart beginning to beat before there is a brain. Brain waves are not detected until 6 weeks. The development of the hind brain, responsible for regulating heartbeat, breathing and all concerned muscle movements begins in the eigth week...what does that tell you? Just like mankind intuitively knows there is a God he also intuitively knows that he is not only subject to his brain but his heart.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      9 years ago from Andalusia

      Hi MellyMoo,

      Good for you.

    • MellyMoo profile image

      MellyMoo 

      9 years ago from Australia

      Yes, I really believe in all of this too!

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      9 years ago from Andalusia

      Very good point Kim, I found the same thing happened with a mouth organ (harmonica) however many years I haven't played it, the tunes were still there in my physical memory. It's the same with riding a bicycle or ice skating or even driving a car. Muscle co-ordination seems to be remembered, even after a very long absence from doing the actions.

    • kimh039 profile image

      Kim Harris 

      9 years ago

      I remember when I relearned piano after not having played the piano for years, that my fingers at times would move "automatically" without waiting for me to read the notes. There were memories in my finger movements. I since learned about kinesthetic memory and learning that athletes often experience. I truly do believe there is memory in cells. Thanks for the interesting hub Sue.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      9 years ago from Andalusia

      You are right Shahid, people who believe in god think him almighty. Question is...

      Oh no, please let's not get into a religious debate on this hub.

      Thank you for dropping by.

    • profile image

      Shahid Bukhari 

      9 years ago

      Now you have added another dimension ... Emotion, versus Science almighty ...

      Science is the empirically Known extent of Theory. And the art of Psychology, is limited ... though they prefer to call it a Science, dealing with Emotions etc..

      Only God Is ... Almighty. Science, tries to act as one, and has insurmountable limitations.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      9 years ago from Andalusia

      You may be right Shahid.

    • Shahid Bukhari profile image

      Shahid Bukhari 

      9 years ago from My Awareness in Being.

      Reckon it would be closer, if we said, Pancreas, obeying the Pituitary, releasing Adrenaline, make the Heart serve as the second Brain ... you may throw in the Eyes, and other Sensories, for the heck of it.

    • Sue Adams profile imageAUTHOR

      Juliette Kando FI Chor 

      9 years ago from Andalusia

      Yes, acaetna isn't it good news that finally Science Almighty allows us to be emotional.

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